I am now Professor Emeritus of Biology at the University of Minnesota Duluth and past Co-Chair of the Natural History Section of the Ecological Society of America.
My research interests include the structure and function of northern ecosystems, response of forests to climate change, forest-wildlife interactions, applications of mathematics to ecological problems, and scientific illustration. I taught Mathematical Ecology, Ecosystems Ecology, Animal Behavior, and Biological Illustration, among other courses.
For further inquiries, please email me at:
Ph.D., Forestry and Soil Science, University of Wisconsin, Madison, June 1980
M.S., Soil Science, University of Wisconsin, Madison, December 1977
B.S., Geology, University of Pennsylvania, May 1974
Professor Emeritus, Dept. of Biology, University of Minnesota Duluth (May 2018 – present)
Professor, Dept. of Biology, University of Minnesota Duluth (July 1996 – May 2018)
Director, Natural History Minor, University of Minnesota Duluth (March 2009 – May 2018)
Associate Department Head (July 2009 – July 2013)
Associate Director of Graduate Studies, Ecological, Organismal, and Population Biology Track, Integrated Biosciences Graduate Program, University of Minnesota Duluth (March 2006 – May 2009)
Director of Graduate Studies, Biology Graduate Program, University of Minnesota Duluth (July 2000 – August 2009)
Visiting Scientist, Dept. of Animal Ecology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Umeå, Sweden (June – July 1998, and annually thereafter)
Visiting Scientist, Macaulay Land Use Research Institute, Aberdeen, Scotland (May 1997)
Distinguished Visiting Professor, College of Forestry, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington (March 1991)
Visiting Scientist, Institute of Applied Ecology, Shenyang, People’s Republic of China (July – August 1988)
Senior Research Associate, Natural Resources Research Institute, University of Minnesota Duluth (July 1985 – 2006)
Postdoctoral Fellow, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 (August 1983 – June 1985)
Postdoctoral Research Associate, Department of Forestry, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706 (June 1980 – July 1983)
Graduate Student, Departments of Soil Science and Forestry, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706 (September 1975 – May 1980)
Staff Geologist, Ralph Stone Engineers, Los Angeles, CA 97821 (September 1974 – August 1975)
Awards and Honors
Honorary Life Member, Finnish Society of Forest Science, elected May 1999
First Recipient, Chancellor’s Distinguished Research Award, University of Minnesota Duluth, November 1999
Institute of Scientific Information, Highly Cited List, Ecology and Environment, 2002 – present
Sabra and Dennis Anderson Scholar/Teacher Award, College of Science and Engineering, University of Minnesota Duluth, May 2007
University of Minnesota Council of Graduate Students Outstanding Faculty Award, April 2010
Doctores honoris causa, Faculty of Forest Sciences, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden, October 2010
Distinguished Ecologist Lecture, Colorado State University, April 2012
David Schindler Lecture, Trent University, March 2016
Inspirational Teacher of the Life Sciences. Dept. of Biology, University of Minnesota Duluth, April 2016
Winner, 2017 Northeast Minnesota Book Award for Nonfiction, What Should a Clever Moose Eat? (2016, Island Press)
Danell, K., R. Bergström, P. Duncan, and J. Pastor, (editors). 2006. Large Mammalian Herbivores, Ecosystem Dynamics, and Conservation. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, Great Britain.
Pastor, J. 2008. Mathematical Ecology of Populations and Ecosystems. Blackwell, Oxford, Great Britain.
Pastor, J. 2016. What Should a Clever Moose Eat? Natural History, Ecology, and the North Woods. Island Press.
Peer-reviewed Journal Articles
Pastor, J., and J.G. Bockheim. 1980. Soil development on moraines of the Taylor Glacier, Lower Taylor Valley, Antarctica. Soil Science Society of America Journal 44: 341-348.
Pastor, J., and J.G. Bockheim. 1981. Biomass and production of an aspen-mixed hardwood-spodosol ecosystem in northern Wisconsin. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 11: 132-138.
Aber, J.D., J. Pastor, and J.M. Melillo. 1982. Changes in forest canopy structure along a site quality gradient in southern Wisconsin. American Midland Naturalist 108: 256-265.
Pastor, J., J.D. Aber, C.A. McClaugherty, and J. Melillo. 1982. Geology, soils, and vegetation of Blackhawk Island, Wisconsin. American Midland Naturalist 198: 266-277.
Pastor, J., J.D. Aber, and J.M. Melillo. 1984. Biomass prediction using generalized allometric regressions for some northeast tree species. Forest Ecology and Management 7: 256-274.
Pastor, J., J.D. Aber, C.A. McClaugherty, and J.M. Melillo. 1984. Aboveground production and N and P cycling along a nitrogen mineralization gradient on Blackhawk Island, Wisconsin. Ecology 65: 256-268.
Pastor, J., and J.G. Bockheim. 1984. Distribution and cycling of nutrients in an aspen-mixed hardwood-spodosol ecosystem in northern Wisconsin. Ecology 65: 339-353.
Pastor, J., and W.M. Post. 1984. Calculating Thornthwaite’s and Mather’s actual evapotranspiration using an approximating function. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 13: 466-477.
McClaugherty, C.A., J. Pastor, J.D. Aber, and J.M. Melillo. 1985. Forest litter decomposition in relationship to soil nitrogen dynamics and litter quality. Ecology 66: 266-275.
Post, W.M., J. Pastor, P. Zinke, and A. Stangenberger. 1985. Global patterns of soil nitrogen storage. Nature 317: 613-616.
Aber, J.D., J.M. Melillo, K.J. Nadelhoffer, C.A. McClaugherty, and J. Pastor. 1985. Fine root turnover in forest ecosystems in relation to quantity and forms of nitrogen availability: a comparison of two methods. Oecologia 66: 317-321.
Pastor, J., and W.M. Post. 1986. Influence of climate, soil moisture, and succession on forest carbon and nitrogen cycles. Biogeochemistry 2: 3-27.
Binkley, D., J.D. Aber, J. Pastor, and K.J. Nadelhoffer. 1986. Nitrogen availability in some Wisconsin forests: comparisons of resin bags and on-site incubations. Biology and Fertility of Soils 2: 77-82.
Norby, R.J., J. Pastor, and J.M. Melillo. 1986. Carbon-nutrient interactions in response to CO2 enrichment: physiological and long-term perspectives. Tree Physiology 2: 233-242.
Pastor, J., M.A. Stillwell, and D. Tilman. 1987. Nitrogen mineralization and nitrification in four Minnesota old fields. Oecologia 71: 481-485.
Pastor, J., M. A. Stillwell, and D. Tilman. 1987. Little bluestem litter dynamics in Minnesota old fields. Oecologia 72: 327-330.
Pastor, J., R.H. Gardner, V.H. Dale, and W.M. Post. 1987. Successional changes in soil nitrogen availability as a potential factor contributing to spruce dieback in boreal North America. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 17: 1394-1400.
Pastor, J., R.J. Naiman, and B. Dewey. 1987. A hypothesis of the effects of moose and beaver foraging on soil nitrogen and carbon dynamics, Isle Royale. Alces 23: 107-124.
Pastor, J. and W.M. Post. 1988. Response of northern forests to CO2-induced climatic change. Nature 334: 55-58.
Pastor, J., R.J. Naiman, B. Dewey, and P. McInnes. 1988. Moose, microbes, and the boreal forest. BioScience 38: 770-777.
Naiman, R.J., H. Décamps, J. Pastor, and C.A. Johnston. 1988. The potential importance of boundaries to fluvial ecosystems. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 7: 289-306.
O’Neill, R.V., D.L. DeAngelis, J. Pastor, B.J. Handley, and W.M. Post. 1989. Multiple nutrient limitations in ecological processes. Ecological Modeling 46: 147-163.
Pastor, J. and M. Broschart. 1990. The spatial pattern of a northern conifer-hardwood landscape. Landscape Ecology 4: 55-68.
Cohen, Y. and J. Pastor. 1991. The responses of a forest ecosystem model to serial correlations of global warming. Ecology 72: 1161-1165.
Ågren, G.I., R.E. McMurtrie, W.J. Parton, J. Pastor, and H.H. Shugart. 1991. State-of-the-art of models of production-decomposition linkages in conifer and grassland ecosystems. Ecological Applications 1: 118-138.
Bryant, J.P., F.D. Provenza, J. Pastor, P.B. Reichardt, T.P. Clausen, and J.T. du Toit. 1991. Interactions between woody plants and browsing mammals mediated by secondary metabolites. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 22: 431-446.
Aber, J.D., J.M. Melillo, K.J. Nadelhoffer, J. Pastor, and R. Boone. 1991. Factors controlling nitrogen cycling and nitrogen saturation in northern temperate forest ecosystems. Ecological Applications 1: 303-315.
Moen, R., J. Pastor, and Y. Cohen. 1991. Effects of moose and beaver on the vegetation of Isle Royale National Park. Alces 26: 51-63.
Pastor, J. and R.J. Naiman. 1992. Selective foraging and ecosystem processes in boreal forests. The American Naturalist 139: 690-705.
Post, W.M., J. Pastor, A.W. King, and W.R. Emanuel. 1992. Aspects of the interaction between vegetation and soil under global change. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution 64:345-363.
McInnes, P.F., R.J. Naiman, J. Pastor, and Y. Cohen. 1992. Effects of moose browsing on vegetation and litterfall of the boreal forest, Isle Royale, Michigan, USA. Ecology 73: 2059-2075.
Pastor, J., B. Dewey, R.J. Naiman, P.F. McInnes, and Y. Cohen. 1993. Moose browsing and soil fertility in the boreal forests of Isle Royale National Park. Ecology 74:467-480.
Pastor, J. and W.M. Post. 1993. Linear regressions do not predict the transient responses of eastern North American forests to CO2 induced climate change. Climatic Change 23:111-119.
Geng Xiaoyuan, J. Pastor, and B. Dewey. 1993. Studies on leaf decomposition of some tree species on Changbai Mountain. Acta Phytoecologica et Geobotanica Sinica 17:90-96 [in Chinese].
Mladenoff, D.J., M.A. White, J. Pastor and T.R. Crow. 1993. Comparing spatial pattern in unaltered old-growth and disturbed forest landscapes for biodiversity design and management. Ecological Applications 3:294-306.
Hershey, A.E., J. Pastor, B.J. Peterson, and G.W. Kling. 1993. Stable isotopes resolve the drift paradox for Baetis mayflies in an arctic river. Ecology 74:2315-2326.
Alban, D.H. and J. Pastor. 1993. Decomposition of aspen, spruce, and pine boles on two sites in Minnesota. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 23: 1744-1749.
Geng Xiaoyuan, J. Pastor, and B. Dewey. 1993. Decay and nitrogen dynamics of litter from disjunct, congeneric tree species in Wisconsin and northeastern China. Canadian Journal of Botany 71: 693-699.
Wedin, D.A. and J. Pastor. 1993. Nitrogen mineralization dynamics in grass monocultures. Oecologia 96: 186-192.
Frelich, L.E., R.R. Calcote, M.B. Davis, and J. Pastor. 1993. Patch formation and maintenance in an old-growth hemlock-hardwood forest. Ecology 74: 513-527.
Mladenoff, D.J., M.A. White, T.R. Crow, and J. Pastor. 1994. Applying principles of landscape design and management to integrate old-growth forest enhancement and commodity use. Conservation Biology 8: 752-762.
Updegraff, K., J. Pastor, S.D. Bridgham, and C.A. Johnston. 1995. Environmental and substrate quality controls over carbon and nitrogen mineralization in a beaver meadow and a bog. Ecological Applications 5: 151-163.
Bridgham, S.D., J. Pastor, C.A. McClaugherty and C.J. Richardson. 1995. Nutrient-use efficiency: a litterfall index, a model, and a test along a nutrient availability gradient in North Carolina peatlands. The American Naturalist 145: 1-21.
Wedin, D.A., L.L. Tieszen, B. Dewey, and J. Pastor. 1995. Carbon isotope dynamics during grass decomposition and soil organic matter formation. Ecology 76: 1383-1392.
Bridgham, S.D. C.A. Johnston, J. Pastor, and K. Updegraff. 1995. Potential feedbacks of northern wetlands on climate change. Bioscience 45: 262-274.
Chapin, C.T. and J. Pastor. 1995. Nutrient limitations in the northern pitcher plant Sarracenia purpurea. Canadian Journal of Botany 73: 728-734.
Pastor, J., B. Dewey, and D. Christian. 1996. Carbon and nutrient mineralization and fungal spore composition of vole fecal pellets in Minnesota. Ecography 19: 52-61.
Post, W.M. and J. Pastor. 1996. Linkages – an individual-based forest ecosystem model. Climatic Change 34: 253-261.
Bridgham, S.D., J. Pastor, J.A. Janssens, C. Chapin, and T. J. Malterer. 1996. Multiple nutrient limitations in peatlands: a call for a new paradigm. Wetlands 16: 45-65.
Moen, R., J. Pastor, Y. Cohen, and C.C. Schwartz. 1996. Effect of moose movement and habitat use on GPS collar performance. Journal of Wildlife Management 60: 659-668.
Cohen, Y., and J. Pastor. 1996. Interactions among nitrogen, carbon, plant shape, and photosynthesis. The American Naturalist 147: 847-865.
Pastor, J., A. Downing, and H. E. Erickson. 1996. Species-area curves and diversity-productivity relationships in beaver meadows of Voyageurs National Park, U.S.A. Oikos 77: 399-406.
Keenan, R.J., C.E. Prescott, J.P. Kimmins, J. Pastor, and B. Dewey. 1996. Litter decomposition in western red cedar and western hemlock forests on northern Vancouver Island, British Columbia. Canadian Journal of Botany 74: 1626-1634.
Moen, R., J. Pastor, and Y. Cohen. 1997. A spatially-explicit model of moose foraging and energetics. Ecology 78: 505-521.
Moen, R., J. Pastor, and Y. Cohen. 1997. Accuracy of GPS telemetry collar location with differential correction in theory and practice. Journal of Wildlife Management 61: 530-539.
Moen, R., J. Pastor, and Y. Cohen. 1997. Interpreting behavior from activity counters in GPS collars on moose. Alces 32: 101-108.
Pastor, J. and Y. Cohen. 1997. Herbivores, the functional diversity of plants species, and the cycling of nutrients in ecosystems. Theoretical Population Biology 51: 165 -179.
Pastor, J., R. Moen, and Y. Cohen. 1997. Spatial heterogeneities, carrying capacity, and feedbacks in animal-landscape interactions. Journal of Mammalogy 78: 1040-1052.
Moen, R., Y. Cohen, and J. Pastor. 1998. Evaluating foraging strategies with a moose energetics model. Ecosystems 1: 52-63.
Moen, R. and J. Pastor. 1998. Simulating antler growth and energy, nitrogen, calcium, and phosphorus metabolism in caribou. Rangifer Special Issue No. 10: 85-97.
Bridgham, S. D., K. Updegraff, and J. Pastor. 1998. Carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus mineralization in northern wetlands. Ecology 79: 1545-1561.
Jordan, P.A., J.L. Nelson, and J. Pastor. 1998. Progress towards the experimental reintroduction of woodland caribou to Minnesota and adjacent Ontario. Rangifer Special Issue No. 10: 169-181.
Pastor, J. and D. Binkley. 1998. Nitrogen fixation and the mass balances of carbon and nitrogen in ecosystems. Biogeochemistry 43: 63-78.
Pastor, J., B. Dewey, R. Moen, M. White, D. Mladenoff, and Y. Cohen. 1998. Spatial patterns in the moose-forest-soil ecosystem on Isle Royale, Michigan, USA. Ecological Applications 8: 411-424.
Updegraff, K., S.D. Bridgham, J. Pastor, and P. Weishampel. 1998. Hysteresis in the temperature response of carbon dioxide and methane production in peat soils. Biogeochemistry 43: 253-272.
Hale, C.M. and J. Pastor. 1998. Nitrogen content, decay rates, and decompositional dynamics of hollow versus solid hardwood logs in old-growth and mature hardwood forests of Minnesota, U.S.A. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 28: 1276-1285.
Pastor, J., S. Light, and L. Sovell (editors). 1998. Sustainability and Resilience in Boreal Regions: Sources and Consequences of Variability. Conservation Ecology 2 (Special Issue).
Moen, R., J. Pastor, and Y. Cohen. 1999. Antler growth and extinction of the Irish elk. Evolutionary Ecology Research 1: 235-249.
Cohen, Y., J. Pastor, and R. Moen. 1999. Bite, chew, and swallow. Ecological Modelling 116: 1-14.
Pastor, J. and S.D. Bridgham. 1999. Nutrient efficiency along nutrient availability gradients. Oecologia 118: 50-58.
Pastor, J., Y. Cohen, and R. Moen. 1999. The generation of spatial patterns in boreal landscapes. Ecosystems 2: 439-450.
Bridgham, S.D., J. Pastor, K. Updegraff, T.J. Malterer, K. Johnson, C. Harth, and J. Chen. 1999. Ecosystem control over temperature and energy flux in northern peatlands. Ecological Applications 9: 1345-1358.
Hale, C. M., J. Pastor, and K. Rusterholz. 1999. Comparison of structural and compositional characteristics in old-growth versus mature hardwood forests of Minnesota, U.S.A. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 29: 1479-1489.
Pastor, J., K. Standke, K. Farnsworth, R. Moen, and Y. Cohen. 1999. Further development of the Spalinger-Hobbs mechanistic foraging model for free-ranging moose. Canadian Journal of Zoology 77: 1505-1512.
Terwilliger, J. and J. Pastor. 1999. Small mammals, ectomycorrhizae, and conifer succession in beaver meadows. Oikos 85: 83-94.
Hershey, A. E., G. Gettel, M. E. McDonald, M. C. Miller, H. Mooers, W. J. O’Brien, J. Pastor, C. Richards, S. K. Hamilton, and J. Schuldt. 1999. A geomorphic-trophic model for landscape control of Arctic food webs. BioScience 49: 887-897.
Brown, T.N., J. Pastor, C.A. Johnston, and H.D. Mooers. 2000. A finite difference type algorithm with pro rata resource allocation. Ecological Modelling 126: 1-8.
Cohen, Y., J. Pastor, and T. Vincent. 2000. Nutrient cycling in evolutionary stable ecosystems. Evolutionary Ecology Research 6: 719-743.
Weltzin, J.F., J. Pastor, C. Harth, S.D. Bridgham, K. Updegraff, and C.T. Chapin. 2000. Response of bog and fen plant communities to warming and water-table manipulations. Ecology 81: 3464-3478.
Hershey, A. E., G. Gettel, M. E. McDonald, M. C. Miller, H. Mooers, W. J. O’Brien, J. Pastor, C. Richards, and J. Schuldt. 2000. The geomorphic-trophic hypothesis for arctic lake food webs. Verh. Int. Verein. Limnol. 27: 3269-3274.
Bridgham, S.D., K. Updegraff, and J. Pastor. 2001. A comparison of nutrient availability indices along an ombrotrophic-minerotrophic gradient in Minnesota wetlands. Soil Science Society of America Journal 65: 259-269.
Updegraff, K., S.D. Bridgham, J. Pastor, P. Weishampel, and C. Harth. 2001. Response of CO2 and CH4 emissions from peatlands to warming and water-table manipulations in peatland mesocosms. Ecological Applications 11: 311-326.
Weltzin, J.F., C. Harth, S.D. Bridgham, J. Pastor, and M. Vonderharr. 2001. Production and microtopography of bog bryophytes: response to warming and water-table manipulations. Oecologia 128: 557-565.
Pastor, J., B. Peckham, S.D. Bridgham, J.F. Weltzin, and J. Chen. 2002. Plant community composition, nutrient cycling, and alternative stable equilibria in peatlands. American Naturalist 160: 553-568.
Weltzin, J.F., S.D. Bridgham, J. Pastor, J. Chen, C. Harth. 2003. Potential effects of warming and drying on peatland plant community composition. Global Change Biology 9: 141-151.
Pastor, J., J. Solin, S.D. Bridgham, K. Updegraff, C. Harth, P. Weishampel, and B. Dewey. 2003. Global warming and DOC export from boreal peatlands. Oikos 100: 380-386.
Pastor, J. and K. Danell. 2003. Moose-vegetation-soil interactions: a dynamic system. Alces 39:177-192.
Chapin, C.T., S.D. Bridgham, J. Pastor, and K. Updegraff. 2003. Nitrogen, phosphorus, and carbon mineralization in response to nutrient and lime additions in peatlands. Soil Science 168: 409-420.
Noormets, A., J. Chen, S. D. Bridgham, J.F. Weltzin, J. Pastor, B. Dewey, and J. LeMoine. 2004. The effects of infrared loading and water table on soil energy fluxes in northern peatlands. Ecosystems 7: 573-582.
Keller, J.K., J.R. White, S.D. Bridgham, and J. Pastor. 2004. Climate change effects on carbon and nitrogen mineralization in peatlands through changes in soil quality. Global Change Biology 10: 1053-1064.
Chapin, C.T., S.D. Bridgham, and J. Pastor. 2004. pH and nutrient effects on above-ground net primary production in a Minnesota USA bog and fen. Wetlands 24: 186-201.
Persson, I-L., J. Pastor., K. Danell, and R. Bergström. 2005. Impact of moose population density and forest productivity on the production and composition of litter in boreal forests. Oikos 108: 297-306.
Weltzin, J. F., J. K. Keller, S. D. Bridgham, J. Pastor, P. B. Allen, and J. Chen. 2005. Litter controls plant community composition in a northern fen. Oikos 110: 537-546.
Hale, C.M., L.E. Frelich, P.B. Reich, and J. Pastor. 2005. Effects of European earthworm invasion on soil characteristics in northern hardwood forests of Minnesota, U.S.A. Ecosystems 8: 911-927.
Pastor, J., A, Sharp, and P. Wolter. 2005. An application of Markov models to the dynamics of Minnesota’s forests. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 35: 3011-3019.
Pastor, J. and R. D. Walker. 2006. Delays in nutrient cycling and plant population oscillations. Oikos 112: 698-705.
Walker, R. D., J. Pastor, and B. Dewey. 2006. Effects of wild rice (Zizania palustris L.) straw on biomass and seed production in northern Minnesota. Canadian Journal of Botany 84: 1019-1024.
Knowles, R. D., J. Pastor, and D. D. Biesboer. 2006. Increased soil nitrogen associated with the dinitrogen fixing, terricolous lichens of the genus Peltigera in northern Minnesota. Oikos 114: 37-48.
Graves, W., B. Peckham, and J. Pastor. 2006. A bifurcation analysis of a simple differential equations model for mutualism. Bulletin of Mathematical Ecology 68: 1851-1872.
Hale, C. M., L. E. Frelich, P. B. Reich, and J. Pastor. 2008. Exotic earthworm effects on hardwood forest floor, nutrient availability and native plants: a mesocosm study. Oecologia 155: 509-518.
Suominen, O., I.-L. Persson, K. Danell, R. Bergström, and J. Pastor. 2008. Impact of moose densities on abundance and richness of different trophic levels along a productivity gradient. Ecography 31: 636-645.
De Jager, N. and J. Pastor. 2008. Effects of moose Alces alces population density and site productivity on the canopy geometry of birch Betula pubescens and B. pendula and Scots pine Pinus sylvestris. Wildlife Biology 14: 251-262.
Chen, J., S. Bridgham, J. Keller, J. Pastor, A. Noormets, and J. Weltzin. 2008. Temperature responses to infra-red loading and water table manipulations in peatland mesocosms. Journal of Integrative Plant Biology 50: 1484-1496.
Bridgham, S. D., J. Pastor, B. Dewey, J. F. Weltzin, and K. Updegraff. 2008. Rapid carbon response of peatlands to climate change. Ecology 89: 3041-3048.
De Jager, N., J. Pastor, and A. Hodgson. 2009. Scaling the effects of moose browsing on forage distribution, from the geometry of plant canopies to the landscape. Ecological Monographs 79: 281-297.
De Jager, N. and J. Pastor. 2009. Declines in moose population density at Isle Royale National Park, MI, USA and accompanied changes in landscape patterns. Landscape Ecology 24: 1389-1403.
Persson, I-L., M. B. Nilsson, J. Pastor, T. Eriksson, R. Bergström, and K. Danell. 2009. Depression of belowground respiration rates at simulated high moose population densities in boreal forests. Ecology 90: 2724-2733.
Walker, R. D., J. Pastor, and B. Dewey. 2010. Litter quantity and nitrogen immobilization cause oscillations in productivity of wild rice (Zizania palustris L.) in northern Minnesota. Ecosystems 13: 485-498.
De Jager, N. and J. Pastor. 2010. Effects of simulated moose browsing on the morphology of rowan (Sorbus aucuparia). Wildlife Biology 16: 301-307.
Sharp, A. and J. Pastor. 2011. Stable limit cycles and the paradox of enrichment in a model of chronic wasting disease. Ecological Applications 21: 1024-1030.
Pastor, J. 2011. Landscape nutrition: seeing the forest instead of the trees. Journal of Animal Ecology 80: 707-709.
Lin, L., B. Peckham, H. Stech, and J. Pastor. 2012. Enrichment in a stoichiometric model of two producers and one consumer. Journal of Biological Dynamics 6: 97-116.
Hildebrandt, L., J. Pastor, B. Dewey. 2012. Effects of external and internal nutrient supplies on decomposition of wild rice, Zizania palustris. Aquatic Botany 97: 35-43.
Sims, L., J. Pastor, T. Lee, and B. Dewey. 2012a. Nitrogen, phosphorus, and light effects on growth and allocation of biomass and nutrient in wild rice. Oecologia 170: 65-76.
Sims, L., J. Pastor, T. Lee, and B. Dewey. 2012b. Nitrogen, phosphorus and light effects on reproduction and fitness of wild rice. Botany 90: 876–883.
Stech, H., B. Peckham, and J. Pastor. 2012. Enrichment in a general class of stoichiometric producer-consumer population growth models. Theoretical Population Biology 81: 210-222.
Stech, H., B. Peckham, and J. Pastor. 2012. Quasi-equilibrium reduction in a general class of stoichiometric producer-consumer models. Journal of Biological Dynamics 6: 992-1018.
Stech, H., B. Peckham, and J. Pastor. 2012. Enrichment effects in a simple stoichiometric producer-consumer model. Communications in Applied Analysis 16: 687-702.
Pastor, J. and N. De Jager. 2013. Simulated responses of moose populations to browsing-induced changes in plant architecture and forage production. Oikos 122: 575-582.
Dahlberg, N. and J. Pastor. 2014. Desirable host plant qualities in wild rice (Zizania palustris) for infection by the rice worm Apamea apamiformis (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). The Great Lakes Entomologist 47: 37-45.
Pastor, J. 2016. Ecosystem ecology and evolutionary biology, a new frontier for experiments and models. Ecosystems 20: 245–252 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10021-016-0069-9.
Pastor, J., B. Dewey, N. W. Johnson, E.B. Swain, P. Monson, E.B. Peters, and A. Myrbo. 2017. Effects of sulfate and sulfide on the life cycle of wild rice (Zizania palustris) in hydroponic and mesocosm experiments. Ecological Applications 27: 321-336. https://doi.org/10.1002/eap.1452
Myrbo, A., E.B. Swain, N.W. Johnson, D.R. Engstrom, J. Pastor, B. Dewey, P. Monson, J. Brenner, M. Dykhuizen Shore, and E.B. Peters. 2017. Increase in nutrients, mercury, and methylmercury as a consequence of elevated sulfate reduction to sulfide in experimental wetland mesocosms. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences. https://doi.org/10.10022017JG003788
LaFond-Hudson, S., N. Johnson, J. Pastor, B. Dewey. 2018. Iron sulfide formation on root surfaces controlled by the life cycle of wild rice (Zizania palustris). Biogeochemistry. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10533-018-0491-5
Johnson, N. J. Pastor, and E.B. Swain. In press. Cumulative sulfate loads shift porewater to sulfidic conditions in freshwater wetland sediment. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry.
Peer-Reviewed Book Chapters
Pastor, J. 1986. Reciprocally linked carbon-nitrogen cycles in forests: biological feedbacks within geological constraints. Pages 131-140 in Predicting consequences of intensive forest harvesting on long-term productivity, G.I. Ågren, editor. Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences Report No. 26: 131-140.
Pastor, J. 1986. Nutrient regimes in northern hardwoods: harvest intensity and nutrient status. Pages 98-108 in The Northern Hardwood Resource: Management and Potential, G.D. Mroz and D.D Reed, editors. Michigan Technological University, Houghton, MI.
Emanuel, W.R., J. Pastor, and R.V. O’Neill. 1987. Maintaining the integrity of global cycles: requirements for long-term research. Pages 23-40 in Preserving Ecological Systems, the Agenda for Long-term Research and Development, S. Draggen, J.J. Cohrssen, and R.E. Morrison, editors. Praeger, New York.
Pastor, J. 1989. Nutrient cycling in aspen ecosystems. Pages 21-38 in Aspen Symposium ’89, R.D. Adams, editor. U.S. Forest Service General Technical Report NC-140.
Post, W.M. and J. Pastor. 1990. An individual-based forest ecosystem model for projecting forest response to nutrient cycling and climate changes. Pages 61-74 in Forest Simulation Systems, L.C. Wensel and G.S. Biging, editors. University of California, Division of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Bulletin 1927.
Cook, E.R., L.J. Graumlich, P. Martin, J. Pastor, I.C. Prentice, T.R. Swetnam, K. Valentin, M. Verstraete, T. Webb III, J. White, and I. Woodward. 1991. Biosphere-climate interactions during the past 18,000 years: Towards a global model of the terrestrial biosphere. Pages 25-42 in Global Changes of the Past, R.S. Bradley, editor. University Corporation for Atmospheric Research, Boulder Colorado.
Pastor, J. and D.J. Mladenoff. 1992. The southern boreal-northern hardwood forest border. Pages 216-240 in A Systems Analysis of the Global Boreal Forest, H.H. Shugart, R. Leemans, and G.B. Bonan, editors. Cambridge University Press.
Pastor, J. and C.A. Johnston. 1992. Using simulation models and geographic information systems to integrate ecosystem and landscape ecology. Pages 324-346 in Watershed Management: Balancing Sustainability with Environmental Change, R.J. Naiman, editor. Springer-Verlag, New York.
Post, W.M., F. Chavez, P.J. Mulholland, J. Pastor, T.-H. Peng, K. Prentice, and T. Webb III. 1992. Climatic feedbacks in the global carbon cycle. Pages 392-412 in The Science of Global Change, D.A. Dunnette and R.J. O’Brien, editors. American Chemical Society, Washington, DC.
Johnston, C.A., J. Pastor, and R.J. Naiman. 1992. Effects of beaver and moose on boreal forest landscapes. Pages 237-254 in Landscape Ecology and Geographical Information Systems, S.H. Cousins, R. Haines-Young, and D. Green, editors. Taylor and Francis, London.
Johnston, C. A., J. Pastor, and G. Pinay. 1992. Quantitative methods for studying landscape boundaries. Pages 107-125 in Landscape Boundaries, A. Hansen and F. diCastri, editors. Springer-Verlag, New York.
Pastor, J., J. Bonde, C.A. Johnston, and R.J. Naiman. 1993. A Markovian analysis of the spatially dependent dynamics of beaver ponds. Pages 5-28 in Theoretical approaches for predicting spatial effects in ecological systems. Lectures on Mathematics in the Life Sciences, Vol. 23, R.H. Gardner, editor. American Mathematical Society.
Mladenoff, D.J. and J. Pastor. 1993. Sustainable forest ecosystems in the northern hardwood and conifer region: Concepts and management. Pages 145-180 in: Defining Sustainable Forestry, G.H. Aplet, J.T. Olson, N. Johnson, and V.A. Sample, editors. Island Press and The Wilderness Society, Washington, DC.
Updegraff, K., S.D. Bridgham, J. Pastor, and C.A. Johnston. 1993. A method to determine long-term anaerobic carbon and nutrient mineralization in soils. Pages 209-219 in: Defining Soil Quality for a Sustainable Environment, J. Doran, D. Bezdicek, and D. Coleman, editors. Soil Science Society of America Special Publication, Madison, WI.
Pastor, J. and D.J. Mladenoff. 1993. Modelling the effects of timber management on population dynamics, diversity, and ecosystem processes. Pages 16-29 in Modelling Sustainable Forest Ecosystems, D.C. Le Master and R.A. Sedjo, editors. American Forests, Washington, DC.
Pastor, J. 1995. Diversity of biomass and nitrogen distribution among species in arctic and alpine tundra. Pages 255-270 in: Arctic and Alpine Biodiversity: Patterns, Causes, and Ecosystem Consequences, F.S. Chapin, III and C. Körner, editors. Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg.
Pastor, J., D. Mladenoff, Y. Haila, J. Bryant, and S. Payette. 1996. Biodiversity and ecosystem processes in boreal regions. Pages 33-70 in: Functional Roles of Biodiversity: A Global Perspective, H.A. Mooney, J.H. Cushman, E. Medina, O.E. Sala, and E-D. Schulze, editors. Wiley Press, New York.
Sarkar, S., Y. Cohen, and J. Pastor. 1996. Mathematical formulation and parallel implementation of a spatially explicit ecosystem control model. In: Conference Proceedings, Grand Challenges in Computer Simulations, Society for Computer Simulation, New Orleans.
Pastor, J. and Y. Cohen. 1997. Nitrogen cycling and the control of chaos in a boreal forest model. Pages 304-319 in: Control and Chaos, K. Judd, A. Mees, K. Teo, and T. Vincent, editors. Mathematical Modelling Series, Birkhäuser, Boston.
Pastor, J. 2003. The Mass Balances of Nutrients in Ecosystem Theory and Experiments: Implications for Coexistence of Species. Pages 272-295 in Models in Ecosystem Science, C. D. Canham, J. J. Cole, and W. K. Lauenroth, editors. Princeton University Press.
Pastor, J. 2005. Thoughts on the generation of spatial heterogeneity in ecosystems and landscapes and its importance. Pages 49-66 in: Ecosystem Function in Heterogeneous Landscapes, G.M. Lovett, C.G. Jones, M.G. Turner, and K.C. Weathers, editors. Springer-Verlag, NY.
Pastor, J., Y. Cohen, and N.T. Hobbs. 2006. The role of large herbivores in ecosystem nutrient cycles. Chapter 10 in: Large Mammalian Herbivores, Ecosystem Dynamics, and Conservation, K. Danell, R. Bergström, P. Duncan, and J. Pastor, editors. Cambridge University Press.
Pastor, J., K. Danell, R. Bergström, and P. Duncan. 2006. Themes and Future Directions in Herbivore-Ecosystem Interactions and Conservation. Chapter 15 in: Large Mammalian Herbivores, Ecosystem Dynamics, and Conservation, K. Danell, R. Bergström, P. Duncan, and J. Pastor, editors. Cambridge University Press.
Wolter, P.T., B.R. Sturtevant, B.R. Miranda, S.M. Lietz, P.A. Townsend, and J. Pastor. 2012. Forest Land Cover Change (1975-2000) in the Greater Border Lakes Region. Research Map NRS-3. U.S. Forest Service, Newtown Square, Pennsylvania.
Commentary and Invited Essays
Pastor, J. 1993. Northward march of spruce. Nature (News and Views) 361: 208-209.
Pastor, J. 1995. Ecosystem management, ecological risk, and public policy. BioScience 45: 286-288.
Pasor, J. 1996. Unsolved problems of boreal regions. Climatic Change 33: 343-350.
Pastor, J. and R. Moen. 2004. The ecology of ice-age extinctions. Nature (News and Views) 431: 639-640.
Pastor, J. 2008. The ethical basis of the null hypothesis. Nature (Correspondence) 453: 1177.
De Jager, N. and J. Pastor. 2012. On plant architecture and moose populations. Oikos Blog, October 25, 2012. http://oikosjournal.wordpress.com/2012/10/25/on-architecture-and-moose-populations/
Pastor, J. 1988. Soil-plant relationships: A Gordian knot remains tied. Ecology 69: 874.
Pastor, J. 1992. Dynamics of nutrient cycling and food webs. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 7: 247-248.
Pastor, J. 1994. Vegetation dynamics and climate change. Ecology 75: 2145-2146.
Pastor, J. 1996. The poetry of ecoregions. The Prairie Naturalist 28(4): 1-2.
Pastor, J. 1998. Theoretical ecosystem ecology. EcoScience 5: 283-284.
Pastor, J. 2007. Images of a complex world: the art and poetry of chaos. The Mathematical Intelligencer 29(4): 87-89.
Pastor, J. 2008. Evolutionary dynamics. The Mathematical Intelligencer 30(3): 64-66.
Pastor, J. 2012. The Mathematics of Life. The Mathematical Intelligencer 34(1): 69-71.
Pastor, J. 2014. A Primer on Mathematical Models in Biology. The Mathematical Intelligencer 36: 73-74.
Pastor, J. 2018. Natural history and ecology: three books you should read (and a few more). Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America 99: 242-250.
Other Non-refereed Scientific Publications
Pastor, J., and W.M. Post. 1985. Development of a linked forest productivity-soil process model. ORNL Technical Manual 9519.
Pastor, J. and M. Huston. 1986. Predicting ecosystem properties from physical data: a case study of nested soil moisture-climatic gradients along the Appalachian chain. Pages 82-95 in M.I. Dyer and D.A. Crossley, editors. Man and the Biosphere Workshop on coupling of ecological studies on three U.S. Forest Service Research Sites with remote sensing studies, Athens Georgia.
Pastor, J. 1987. The Lake States forests of the future. Pages 89-93 in Proceedings, Society of American Foresters Annual Meeting, Minneapolis, MN.
Keenan, R.J., J.P. Kimmins, and J. Pastor. 1995. Modeling carbon and nitrogen dynamics in western red cedar and western hemlock forests. In: Proceedings, North American Forest Soils Conference 3, Gainesville, Fl.
Black spruce cone and twig. Nature 361: 208 (1993).
Osprey at nest. Raptor Research Foundation 1995 Annual Meeting Logo.
Brachycentrus americanus. North American Benthological Society 1999 Annual Meeting Logo.
White pine cone and twig. Third North American Forest Ecology Conference (2001) Meeting Logo.
Blanding’s turtle. Society of Conservation Biology 2003 Annual Meeting Logo.
Loggers, caterpillars, and aspens. Minnesota Forests, Fall 1988.
Minnesota forests on a Chinese Mt. St. Helens. Minnesota Forests, Winter 1989.
Aspen, the valuable weed tree. Minnesota Forests, Spring 1989.
How long should a leaf live? Minnesota Forests, Summer 1989.
The moose and the forest. Minnesota Forests, Fall 1989.
What the greenhouse effect means for northern Minnesota. Wolf Ridge Almanac, Spring 1990.
Diversity of biodiversity. BWCA Wilderness News, Winter 1992.
White pine, Douglas-fir, and old growth management. BWCA Wilderness News, Summer 1992.
Warblers, spruce budworm, and Acts of Congress. BWCA Wilderness News, Fall 1993.
The ecology of the Kabetogama Peninsula. Voyageurs Region National Park Association Newsletter, Winter 1994.
New England violets, the evolution of species, and National Parks. Voyageurs Region National Park Association Newsletter, Winter 1996.
How should a clever moose eat? Voyageurs Region National Park Association Newsletter, Spring 1996.
How a beaver pond works. Voyageurs Region National Park Association Newsletter, Fall 1996.
Cosmic reflections on a PreCambrian rock. Voyageurs Region National Park Association Newsletter, Winter 1996.
Skunk cabbage, blowflies, and the smells of Spring. Voyageurs Region National Park Association Newsletter, Spring 1997.
A fire at Little Trout Lake. Voyageurs Region National Park Association Newsletter, Summer 1997.
The spectacular Spring warbler migration. Voyageurs Region National Park Association Newsletter, Winter 1997.
Ancient plants of the North Woods. Voyageurs Region National Park Association Newsletter, Spring 1998.
Linnaeus’s flower. Voyageurs Region National Park Association Newsletter, Summer 1998.
Ice. Voyageurs Region National Park Association Newsletter, Winter 1998.
The bedrock of a continent. Voyageurs Region National Park Association Newsletter, Spring 1999.
The habitats of birds. Voyageurs Region National Park Association Newsletter, Summer 1999.
Seas of muck. Voyageurs Region National Park Association Newsletter, Fall 2000.
Everyone’s favorite berry. Voyageurs Region National Park Association Newsletter, Spring 2001.
The ups and downs of wild rice. Voyageurs Region National Park Association Newsletter, Winter 2002.
 Winner, 2017 Northeast Minnesota Book Award, Nonfiction
 Included in the anthology Readings in Ecology, S. I. Dodson et al. (editors). Oxford University Press, 1999.
 Included in the anthology Foundation Papers in Landscape Ecology, J. Wiens et al. (editors). Columbia University Press, 2006.